Home solar powered water heaters have become very popular in recent years. They are an excellent way to both heat the home and keep your water bills down. Solar hot water systems can provide a large monetary savings in a relatively short period of time. Many home solar tips can be found online.
DIY solar installation can save you thousands of dollars over purchasing an commercially produced solar space heater. Solar space heaters are great money saver for the homeowner, they lower the home carbon monoxide footprint quickly and they are extremely efficient. Solar hot water systems are much more than just “pie in the sky” dreams; many DIY solar installation projects can be completed in one weekend.
A basic solar powered water heater consists of a simple hot water storage tank and a heat exchanger. The heat exchanger consists of two bowls; one large bowl connected to a smaller bowl in the storage tank. The solids in the storage tank are heated by the sun in the storage tank and moved into the heat exchanger to be heated. As the temperature inside the heat exchanger rises, the water in the bowl is heated even more, moving to a second bowl where it is still heated by the sun. Finally, the water that is now heated is moved into the collector plate of the solar powered water heater.
Solar water heating systems work best when there is a direct current between the collector plate and the heat generating components. (There must also be some way for the collection plate to be cleaned and maintained as part of the installation process). Depending on the placement of your collector plate, this can be anywhere from three inches to six inches of clear piping. The piping must be buried to a depth of four inches and this will need to be accomplished by digging a hole with a metal stake and placing the piping in the hole and setting the stake into the ground.
When installing your heater, you must consider that the solar energy panels that will generate the most heat will require the most space. In addition, the panels will require a certain amount of insulation to prevent moisture from leaking into the stored water. The more the pipes and panels that make up your heater are, the larger your system will have to be to cool off the stored water.
The solar thermal collector consists of a variety of different materials. Copper is one material that is very effective at converting solar energy into heat. Other materials include aluminum, which has excellent conductivity properties, and stainless steel, which has excellent insulating properties as well as being a very durable metal. The type of metal that is chosen is typically based on the area of the country in which you plan to operate your heater.
There are three main parts to any solar heater. The photovoltaic panels, which generate the solar energy needed to heat the water. The solar thermal collector, which collects and channels the heat created by the panels into the storage tank. Finally there is the hot water tank, which is connected to the thermal collector and receives the heat from the hot water tank.
There are several advantages to solar panels, which can save you thousands of dollars on your heating costs. Most of these devices are known for being quite durable and long lasting. Because they are completely self-sufficient, there is no need to connect them to electricity or to any kind of power grid. In fact, there is no moving parts whatsoever. As long as you install the panel properly, there is virtually no possibility of a breakdown, and virtually nothing that could go wrong.